Documentation Center

  • Trial Software
  • Product Updates

ezsurf

Easy-to-use 3-D colored surface plotter

Syntax

ezsurf(fun)
ezsurf(fun,domain)
ezsurf(funx,funy,funz)
ezsurf(funx,funy,funz,[smin,smax,tmin,tmax])
ezsurf(funx,funy,funz,[min,max])
ezsurf(...,n)
ezsurf(...,'circ')
ezsurf(axes_handle,...)
h = ezsurf(...)

Description

ezsurf(fun) creates a graph of fun(x,y) using the surf function. fun is plotted over the default domain: -2π < x < 2π, -2π < y < 2π.

fun can be a function handle or a string (see the Tips section).

ezsurf(fun,domain) plots fun over the specified domain. domain must be a vector. See the Algorithms section for details on vector inputs vs axes limit outputs.

ezsurf(funx,funy,funz) plots the parametric surface funx(s,t), funy(s,t), and funz(s,t) over the square: -2π < s < 2π, -2π < t < 2π.

ezsurf(funx,funy,funz,[smin,smax,tmin,tmax]) or ezsurf(funx,funy,funz,[min,max]) plots the parametric surface using the specified domain.

ezsurf(...,n) plots fun over the default domain using an n-by-n grid. The default value for n is 60.

ezsurf(...,'circ') plots fun over a disk centered on the domain.

ezsurf(axes_handle,...) plots into the axes with handle axes_handle instead of the current axes (gca).

h = ezsurf(...) returns the handle to a surface object in h.

Examples

ezsurf does not graph points where the mathematical function is not defined (these data points are set to NaNs, which do not plot). This example illustrates this filtering of singularities/discontinuous points by graphing the function

over the default domain -2π < x < 2π, -2π < y < 2π:

ezsurf('real(atan(x+i*y))')

Using surf to plot the same data produces a graph without filtering of discontinuities (as well as requiring more steps):

[x,y] = meshgrid(linspace(-2*pi,2*pi,60));
z = real(atan(x+1i.*y));
surf(x,y,z)

Note also that ezsurf creates graphs that have axis labels, a title, and extend to the axis limits.

More About

expand all

Tips

ezsurf and ezsurfc do not accept complex inputs.

Passing the Function as a String

Array multiplication, division, and exponentiation are always implied in the expression you pass to ezsurf. For example, the MATLAB® syntax for a surface plot of the expression

sqrt(x.^2 + y.^2);

is written as

ezsurf('sqrt(x^2 + y^2)')

That is, x^2 is interpreted as x.^2 in the string you pass to ezsurf.

If the function to be plotted is a function of the variables u and v (rather than x and y), then the domain endpoints umin, umax, vmin, and vmax are sorted alphabetically. Thus, ezsurf('u^2 - v^3',[0,1],[3,6]) plots u2 - v3 over 0 < u < 1, 3 < v < 6.

Passing a Function Handle

Function handle arguments must point to functions that use MATLAB syntax. For example, the following statements define an anonymous function and pass the function handle fh to ezsurf.

fh = @(x,y) sqrt(x.^2 + y.^2);
ezsurf(fh)

Note that when using function handles, you must use the array power, array multiplication, and array division operators (.^, .*, ./) since ezsurf does not alter the syntax, as in the case with string inputs.

Passing Additional Arguments

If your function has additional parameters, for example k in myfun:

function z = myfun(x,y,k1,k2,k3)
z = x.*(y.^k1)./(x.^k2 + y.^k3);

then you can use an anonymous function to specify that parameter:

ezsurf(@(x,y)myfun(x,y,2,2,4))

Algorithms

ezsurf determines the x- and y-axes limits in different ways depending on how you input the domain (if at all). In the following table, R is the vector [xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax] and v is the manually entered domain vector.

Number of domain values specified:Resulting domain vector:
v = [ ];
R = [-2*pi, 2*pi, -2*pi, 2*pi];
v = [ v(1) ];
R = double([-abs(v),abs(v),-abs(v),abs(v)]);
v = [ v(1) v(2) ];
R = double([v(1),v(2),v(1),v(2)]);
v = [ v(1) v(2) v(3) ];
R = double([-v(1),v(2),-abs(v(3)),abs(v(3))]);
v = [ v(1) v(2) v(3) v(4) ];
R = double(v);
v = [ v(1)..v(n) ]; n>4
R = double([-abs(v(1)), abs(v(1)), -abs(v(1)), abs(v(1))]);

If you specify a single number in non-vector format (without square brackets, [ ]), ezsurf interprets it as the n, the number of points desired between the axes max and min values.

By default, ezsurf uses 60 points between the max and min values of an axes. When the min and max values are the default values (R = [-2*pi, 2*pi, -2*pi, 2*pi];), ezsurf ensures the 60 points fall within the non-complex range of the specified equation. For example, is only real when . The default graph of this function looks like this:

ezsurf('sqrt(1-x^2-y^2)')

You can see that there are 60 points between the minimum and maximum values for which has real values. However, when you specify the domain values to be the same as the default (R = [-2*pi, 2*pi, -2*pi, 2*pi];), a different result appears:

ezsurf('sqrt(1-x^2-y^2)',[-2*pi 2*pi])

In this case, the graphic limits are the same, but ezsurf used 60 points between the user-defined limits instead of checking to see if all those points would have real answers.

See Also

| | |

Was this topic helpful?