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plotDiagnostics

Class: NonLinearModel

Plot diagnostics of nonlinear regression model

Syntax

plotDiagnostics(mdl)
plotDiagnostics(mdl,plottype)
h = plotDiagnostics(...)
h = plotDiagnostics(mdl,plottype,Name,Value)

Description

plotDiagnostics(mdl) plots diagnostics from the mdl linear model using leverage as the plot type.

plotDiagnostics(mdl,plottype) plots diagnostics in a plot of type plottype.

h = plotDiagnostics(...) returns handles to the lines in the plot.

h = plotDiagnostics(mdl,plottype,Name,Value) plots with additional options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments.

Tips

  • For many plots, the Data Cursor tool in the figure window displays the x and y values for any data point, along with the observation name or number.

Input Arguments

mdl

Nonlinear regression model, constructed by fitnlm.

plottype

String specifying the type of plot:

'contour'Residual vs. leverage with overlayed Cook's contours
'cookd'Cook's distance
'leverage'Leverage (diagonal of Hat matrix)

Default: 'leverage'

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside single quotes (' '). You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

    Note:   The plot property name-value pairs apply to the first returned handle h(1).

'Color'

Color of the line or marker, a string or ColorSpec specification. For details, see linespec.

'LineStyle'

Type of line, a string or lineseriesproperties specification. For details, see linespec.

'LineWidth'

Width of the line or edges of filled area, in points, a positive scalar. One point is 1/72 inch.

Default: 0.5

'MarkerEdgeColor'

Color of the marker or edge color for filled markers, a string or ColorSpec specification. For details, see linespec.

'MarkerFaceColor'

Color of the marker face for filled markers, a string or ColorSpec specification. For details, see linespec.

'MarkerSize'

Size of the marker in points, a strictly positive scalar. One point is 1/72 inch.

Output Arguments

h

Vector of handles to lines or patches in the plot.

Definitions

Hat Matrix

The hat matrix H is defined in terms of the data matrix X and the Jacobian matrix J:

Here f is the nonlinear model function, and β is the vector of model coefficients.

The Hat Matrix H is

H = J(JTJ)–1JT.

The diagonal elements Hii satisfy

where n is the number of observations (rows of X), and p is the number of coefficients in the regression model.

The leverage of observation i is the value of the ith diagonal term, hii, of the hat matrix H. Because the sum of the leverage values is p (the number of coefficients in the regression model), an observation i can be considered to be an outlier if its leverage substantially exceeds p/n, where n is the number of observations.

Cook's Distance

The Cook's distance Di of observation i is

where

  • is the jth fitted response value.

  • is the jth fitted response value, where the fit does not include observation i.

  • MSE is the mean squared error.

  • p is the number of coefficients in the regression model.

Cook's distance is algebraically equivalent to the following expression:

where ei is the ith residual.

Examples

expand all

Nonlinear Model Leverage Plot

Create a leverage plot of a fitted nonlinear model, and find the points with high leverage.

Load the reaction data and fit a model of the reaction rate as a function of reactants.

load reaction
mdl = fitnlm(reactants,rate,@hougen,[1 .05 .02 .1 2]);

Create a leverage plot of the fitted model.

plotDiagnostics(mdl)

To examine the observation with high leverage, activate the Data Cursor and click the observation.

Alternatively, find the high-leverage observation at the command line.

find(mdl.Diagnostics.Leverage > 0.8)
ans =

     6

References

[1] Neter, J., M. H. Kutner, C. J. Nachtsheim, and W. Wasserman. Applied Linear Statistical Models, Fourth Edition. Irwin, Chicago, 1996.

See Also

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