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# RegressionBaggedEnsemble class

Superclasses: RegressionEnsemble

Regression ensemble grown by resampling

## Description

RegressionBaggedEnsemble combines a set of trained weak learner models and data on which these learners were trained. It can predict ensemble response for new data by aggregating predictions from its weak learners.

## Construction

ens = fitensemble(X,Y,'bag',nlearn,learners,'type','regression') creates a bagged regression ensemble. For more information on the syntax, see the fitensemble function reference page.

## Properties

 CategoricalPredictors List of categorical predictors. CategoricalPredictors is a numeric vector with indices from 1 to p, where p is the number of columns of X. CombineWeights A string describing how the ensemble combines learner predictions. FitInfo A numeric array of fit information. The FitInfoDescription property describes the content of this array. FitInfoDescription String describing the meaning of the FitInfo array. FResample A numeric scalar between 0 and 1. FResample is the fraction of training data fitensemble resampled at random for every weak learner when constructing the ensemble. LearnerNames Cell array of strings with names of the weak learners in the ensemble. The name of each learner appears just once. For example, if you have an ensemble of 100 trees, LearnerNames is {'Tree'}. Method A string with the name of the algorithm fitensemble used for training the ensemble. ModelParameters Parameters used in training ens. NumObservations Numeric scalar containing the number of observations in the training data. NumTrained Number of trained learners in the ensemble, a positive scalar. PredictorNames A cell array of names for the predictor variables, in the order in which they appear in X. ReasonForTermination A string describing the reason fitensemble stopped adding weak learners to the ensemble. Regularization A structure containing the result of the regularize method. Use Regularization with shrink to lower resubstitution error and shrink the ensemble. Replace Boolean flag indicating if training data for weak learners in this ensemble were sampled with replacement. Replace is true for sampling with replacement, false otherwise. ResponseName A string with the name of the response variable Y. ResponseTransform Function handle for transforming scores, or string representing a built-in transformation function. 'none' means no transformation; equivalently, 'none' means @(x)x. Add or change a ResponseTransform function using dot notation: `ens.ResponseTransform = @function` Trained The trained learners, a cell array of compact regression models. TrainedWeights A numeric vector of weights the ensemble assigns to its learners. The ensemble computes predicted response by aggregating weighted predictions from its learners. UseObsForLearner A logical matrix of size N-by-NumTrained, where N is the number of rows (observations) in the training data X, and NumTrained is the number of trained weak learners. UseObsForLearner(I,J) is true if observation I was used for training learner J, and is false otherwise. W The scaled weights, a vector with length n, the number of rows in X. The sum of the elements of W is 1. X The matrix of predictor values that trained the ensemble. Each column of X represents one variable, and each row represents one observation. Y The numeric column vector with the same number of rows as X that trained the ensemble. Each entry in Y is the response to the data in the corresponding row of X.

## Methods

 oobLoss Out-of-bag regression error oobPredict Predict out-of-bag response of ensemble

### Inherited Methods

 compact Create compact regression ensemble crossval Cross validate ensemble cvshrink Cross validate shrinking (pruning) ensemble regularize Find weights to minimize resubstitution error plus penalty term resubLoss Regression error by resubstitution resubPredict Predict response of ensemble by resubstitution resume Resume training ensemble shrink Prune ensemble
 loss Regression error predict Predict response of ensemble predictorImportance Estimates of predictor importance removeLearners Remove members of compact regression ensemble

## Copy Semantics

Value. To learn how value classes affect copy operations, see Copying Objects in the MATLAB® documentation.

## Examples

Create a bagged regression ensemble to predict the mileage of cars in the carsmall data set based on their engine displacement, horsepower, and weight:

```load carsmall
X = [Displacement Horsepower Weight];
ens = fitensemble(X,MPG,'bag',100,'Tree',...
'type','regression')

ens =

classreg.learning.regr.RegressionBaggedEnsemble:
PredictorNames: {'x1'  'x2'  'x3'}
CategoricalPredictors: []
ResponseName: 'Y'
ResponseTransform: 'none'
NumObservations: 94
NumTrained: 100
Method: 'Bag'
LearnerNames: {'Tree'}
ReasonForTermination: [1x77 char]
FitInfo: []
FitInfoDescription: 'None'
Regularization: []
FResample: 1
Replace: 1
UseObsForLearner: [94x100 logical]```

Predict the mileage of a car whose characteristics are the average of those of the first 10 cars:

```car10 = mean(X(1:10,:));
predict(ens,car10)

ans =
14.6569```